1739, architect J. Y. Blank, I. P. Davydov
1800, architect. F. P. Brouer
Hydrotechnical set-up of the fountains – P. Sualem
Mascarons – 1817, sculptor I. P. Martos
On the northern side, the square in front of the "Chessboard Hill" cascade is decorated by two identical and symmetrical fountains. The name "Roman" is linked to the fact that, compositionally, they resemble the stone spouts on the square in front of St. Peter's Basilica, in Rome.
Their conception goes back to the first quarter of the XVIII century, however they appeared only in 1739, by the project of the architects J.Y. Blank and I.P. Davydov. Originally, the fountains were made of wood, but in 1800, the architect F.P. Brouer rebuilt them in granite and marble.
The Roman fountains represent thestyle of two-tier fountains, common in the XVIII century. High jets of the five water cannons, by falling and splitting up on the edge of the marble bowls, disguise inside their water snow-white yarn, the massive multifaceted pedestals and gilded relief decorations: garland, laurel wreaths, shells and mascarons.
On the south side from the Roman fountains, in the middle of the XVIII century, the gardener Bernhard Fосk, created the flower parterres located in the sunken "bowling green" lawn. The outlines of the parterres exactly repeated the shape of the fountain basins.